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Impact of the Patient Torso Model on the Solution of the Inverse Problem of Electrocardiography

Milan Tysler, Jana Lenkova, Jana Svehlikova

DOI: 10.15598/aeee.v12i1.648


Abstract

Cardiac diagnostics based on a solution of the inverse problem of electrocardiography offers new tools for visual assessment of cardiac ischemia. The accuracy of the inverse solution is influenced by fidelity of the patient torso model. As optimum, an individual torso model with real heart shape and position obtained from CT or MRI is desirable. However, imaging is not always available in clinical practice, hence we investigated, if a generic torso shape individually adjusted according to patient‘s chest dimensions, with a simplified heart model placed to a vertical position obtained from inverse localization of the early ventricular activation can result in an inverse solution close to the result obtained with an accurate torso model. Simulated inverse localization of 18 ischemic lesions for 9 subjects showed that the use of individually adjusted generic torso instead of real torso shape led to an acceptable increase of the lesion localization error from 0.7±0.7 cm to 1.1±0.7 cm when accurate heart model was used. However, if simplified heart model was used and placed in a vertical position according to the V2 lead level, the lesion localization error increased to 3.5±0.9 cm. Moving the simplified heart model to a position estimated by the inverse solution decreased the vertical heart positioning error from 1.6±2.3 cm to 0.2±1.2 cm but without adjusting the heart shape and rotation the lesion localization error did not improve and reached 3.7±1.0 cm.

Keywords


Individual torso shape model; inverse problem of electrocardiography; inversely estimated heart position.

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